Modalities of Chinese Medicine

Principles of Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine is a medical current with a history of about 3000 years. It has a holistic view of medicine, in which body, mind, energy and spirit are interconnected. In this sense, the disease will be the consequence of an imbalance in the flow of this feedback between the different elements.

Principles of Chinese Medicine

This medical system is basically based on two principles: the yin and the yang, and the five elements.

  • Yin-Yang. Yin is related to the lungs, heart, kidneys, spleen and liver, while yang contains the intestine, bladder, gallbladder and stomach. Energetically speaking, the first includes aspects such as cold, humidity and darkness, and the second includes heat, dryness and light.

They are opposing, but complementary, forces that must be in balance. It is when this balance is broken that the disease emerges.

  • The five elements. The five main organs of our body are related to these five elements: spleen (earth), kidneys (water), heart (fire), lungs (metal) and liver (wood). The conception of traditional Chinese medicine in this case is that, just as each element can strengthen or inhibit another (for example, water extinguishes fire), one organ can enhance or hinder the functioning of another.

When the functioning of one organ interferes with the functioning of another, disease occurs. Again, the cause of your body not working well is the lack of balance between energies.

What modalities are used from Chinese medicine?

From this tradition we work with the meridians. The meridians are the channels that carry the energy of your body’s organs. To restore the balance we are talking about, different modalities are used:


It is the best known and most used. The aim is to insert needles into the affected areas. The principle behind this practice is that if we stimulate certain points of the body, internal states can be modified, slowing or boosting the flow of energy. It is a painless technique and you will notice immediate effects.


It refers to the use of plants. They are divided as follows:

  • Depending on their nature: cold, hot, warm, cool or neutral.
  • According to its taste: sweet, spicy, bitter, sour, salty or tasteless.
  • Depending on the direction: ascending or descending.
  • Depending on the function: consolidate, disperse, tone or purge.

Depending on the meridian on which you want to influence, several plants are mixed to combat the symptoms that are present.

Meditation and Breathing

Within this category you will find the practice of Tai Chi and Qi Gong. Both aim to balance the qi or vital energy that flows through the meridians, through movement and a certain calm mental attitude. The only difference is that Tai Chi uses a concatenation of natural movements and Qi Gong static postures.

As you may have noticed, Chinese medicine is based on natural principles to combat the disease. Although it can still be viewed with suspicion in our society, the truth is that it is a thousand-year-old tradition that has proved to be very successful. We encourage you to try it.